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I. Dios desde la eternidad, por el sabio y santo consejo de su voluntad, ordeno libre e inalterablemente todo lo que sucede. (1) Sin embargo, lo hizo de tal manera, que Dios ni es autor del pecado (2), ni hace violencia al libre albedrío de sus criaturas, ni quita la libertad ni contingencia de las causas secundarias, sino más bien las establece. (3)
1. Efesios 1:11; Romanos 11:33, 9:15,18; Hebreos 6:17.
2. Santiago 1:13,17; 1 Juan 1:5.
3. Hechos 2:23; 4:27-28; Mateo 17:12; Juan 19:11; Proverbios 16:33.

II. Aunque Dios sabe todo lo que puede suceder en toda clase de supuestas condiciones, (1) sin embargo, nada decreto porque lo preveía como futuro o como cosa que sucedería en circunstancias dadas. (2)
1. Hechos 15:18; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; Mateo 11:21,23.
2. Romanos 9:11,13,16,18.

III. Por el decreto de Dios, para la manifestación de su propia gloria, algunos hombres y ángeles (1) son predestinados a vida eterna, y otros preordenados a muerte eterna. (2)
1. 1 Timoteo 5:21; Mateo 25:41.
2. Romanos 9:22-23; Efesios 1:5-6; Proverbios 16:4.

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R.L. Dabney. “. . . the expository method (understood as that which explains extended passages of Scripture in course) [must] be restored to that equal place which it held in the primitive and Reformed Churches; for, first, this is obviously the only natural and efficient way to do that which is the sole legitimate end of preaching, convey the whole message of God to the people.”

R. B. Kuiper. “In short, expository preaching demands that, by careful analysis of each text within its immediate context and the setting of the book to which it belongs, the full power of modern exegetical and theological scholarship be brought to bear upon our treatment of the Bible. The objective is not that the preacher may parade all this scholarship in the pulpit. Rather, it is that the preacher may speak faithfully out of solid knowledge of his text, and mount the pulpit steps as, at least, “a workman who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.”

Ligon Duncan. “Expository preaching is the faithful explanation and application of the Bible in which the text of Scripture supplies the matter of the preacher’s exhortations rather than the preacher using the text as an occasion for his own expostulations, however helpful they may be.”

444px-Benjamin_Breckinridge_Warfield“The work which He came to do was a work ordained in the counsels of eternity, and in all its items prepared for beforehand with the most perfect prevision. In addressing Himself to the accomplishment of this work Jesus proceeded from the beginning in the fullest knowledge of the end, and with the most absolute adjustment of every step to its attainment. It is from this double view-point that each of the Evangelists depicts the course of our Lord’s life on earth. They consequently represent Him as having come to perform a specific task, all the elements of which were not only determined beforehand in the plan of God, but adumbrated, if somewhat sporadically, yet with sufficient fulness for the end in view, in the prophecies of the OT. And they represent Him as coming to perform this task with a clear consciousness of its nature and a competent control of all the means for its discharge, so that His whole life was a conscientious fulfilment of a programme, and moved straight to its mark. The conception of foresight thus dominates the whole Evangelical narrative.”

-B. B. Warfield

img_4115“God is wholly one Deut. 6. 4. Gal. 3. 20. 1 Tim. 2. 5. Hos. 13. 4. Mal. 2. 10. All creatures are subject to multiplication; there may be many of them and are many; many Angels, men, starres, and so in the rest. Not one of them is singular and onely one so; but one might conceive that there should be more; for he that made one of them, can make another and another, and as many as he pleaseth; but God is simply one, singular, and sole essence; there neither is, nor can be more then one God, because he is the first and best essence; and there can be but one first, and one best. He is Infinite, and there cannot be but one Infinite because either one of them should include the other, and so the included must needs be finite, or not extend to the other, and so it self not be Infinite. There was a first man, and a first in every kind of creature, but not any absolute first save God: one Eternall, and one Incomprehensible, saith Athanasius in his Creed.”

-Edward Leigh (1602-1671)

img_4122II. God has all life,[25] glory,[26] goodness,[27] blessedness,[28] in and of Himself; and is alone in and unto he himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which he has made,[29] nor deriving any glory from them,[30] but only manifesting his own glory in, by, unto, and upon them. He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things;[31] and has most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them whatsoever himself pleases.[32] In his sight all things are open and manifest,[33] his knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature,[34] so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain.[35] He is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in all his commands.[36] To Him is due from angels and men, and every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience he is pleased to require of them.[37]

Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)2.2

img_4122II. Dios posee en sí mismo y por si mismo toda vida, (1) gloria, (2) bondad (3) y bienaventuranza; (4) es suficiente en todo, en sí mismo y respecto a si mismo, no teniendo necesidad de ninguna de las criaturas que El ha hecho, (5) ni derivando ninguna gloria de ellas, (6) sino que solamente manifiesta su propia gloria en ellas, por ellas, hacia ellas y sobre ellas. Él es la única fuente de todo ser, de quien, por quien y para quien son todas las cosas, (7) teniendo sobre ellas el más soberano dominio, y, haciendo por ellas, para ellas y sobre ellas toda su voluntad. (8) Todas las cosas están abiertas y manifiestas delante de su vista; (9) su conocimiento es infinito, infalible e independiente de toda criatura, (10) de modo que para El no hay ninguna cosa contingente o incierta. (11) Es santísimo en todos sus consejos, en todas sus obras y en todos sus mandatos. (12) A Él son debidos todo culto, adoración, servicio y obediencia que tenga a bien exigir de los ángeles, de los hombres y de toda criatura. (13)

1. Juan 5:26
2. Hechos 7:2
3. Salmos 119:68
4. 1 Timoteo 6:15; Romanos 9:5
5. Hechos 17:24,25
6. Job 22:2,3
7. Romanos 11:36
8. Apocalipsis 4:11; Daniel 4:25,35; 1 Timoteo 6:15
9. Hebreos 4:13
10. Romanos 11:33,34; Salmos 147:5
11. Hechos 15:18; Ezequiel 11:5
12. Salmos 145:17; Romanos 7:12
13. Apocalipsis 5:12-14

Confesión de Fe de Westminster (1646), 2.2

Contemporary evangelicalism is rife with will-worship. More and more, the market rules the Church, and the customer is always right! Except when he is wrong, and silly, and downright idolatrous:

II. The visible Church, which is also catholic or universal under the Gospel (not confined to one nation, as before under the law), consists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion;[2] and of their children:[3] and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ,[4] the house and family of God,[5] out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation.[6]

– Westminster Confession of Faith (1646), 26.2

“The people of God have their fulness, and although a large portion of men either neglect, or reject, the grace of the Saviour, yet there is a certain Special Universality of the elect, and foreknown, separated and discerned from the generality of all, that a whole world might seem to be saved out of a whole world; and all men might seem to be redeemed out of all men.”

-Ambrose (c. 340-397)

This quote is striking as it aligns with the later Calvinist doctrine of particular redemption (‘limited atonement’), that is, Christ died not for every human being who has ever lived, but for those chosen by God from the foundation of the world. By His blood, Christ dies for and ransoms a world out of the world, and that bought world takes its place at the end of time.

Ambrose, incidentally, was the pastor of Augustine (354-430), one of the Church’s greatest theologians.

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